A paper review antimicrobial policy interventions in food animal production in South East Asia
Over recent decades, profound changes in food production and feeding regimens have had a major effect on the use of antibiotics in livestock and aquaculture farms. Most SEAR countries have experienced considerable growth in population, combined with improved living standards for part of the population. This situation induces a growing demand for animal proteins resulting in intensive breeding of pigs, poultry, and fish, with the routine use of antibiotics as growth promoters. The lack or weakness of regulations, adequate policies, and implementation of standards for antibiotic use in the food animal sector, together with low standards of biosecurity, hygiene, and sanitation, have accelerated the emergence and dissemination of antibiotic resistance.
Based on an extensive review several databases and set of nationals policies and documents, the authors have identified the challenges and requirements for policy interventions to combat antimicrobial resistance in food animal production in each of the SEAR countries, with a focus on antibiotic production and marketing, use, and monitoring of resistance. The One Health approach will facilitate the development of global actions across sectors, while recognizing specific environmental constraints of each country in the region.
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